* volunteer n.

志愿者 v.

自愿做

(1)志愿者活动 volunteer activity

(2) 自愿做某事 volunteer to do sth.

Force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事

Sb is forced to do

(3) voluntary adj 自愿的,志愿的:自发的

His labor is not voluntary but forced.

[应用文通知类]希望大家能够自愿加入到帮扶农工子弟的行

列当中。

Everyone is expected to volunteer to help the children of

migrant workers

比如活动类提要求都可以用 sb. is expected to do 这个短语

我们在很多作文比如倡议信结尾,

[应用文报道]上周我们全班同学自愿去敬老院帮助老人们洗

衣做饭。

My classmates and I volunteered to help the elders in the

nursing home wash clothes and make meals.

* prefer v.

更喜欢,偏爱

(1)过去式过去分词 preferred/preferredPrefer A to B (2)更喜

...

而不是

prefer to do A rather than do B;

prefer doing A to doing B

(3) preference n.

喜爱;偏爱

...

有偏好 have a preference for sth

介词 for 在完形中喜欢考

[2011 江苏完形] The boy was not much of a fruit

eater,

preferring (prefer) a bar of chocolate if given the chance.

* content adj

.

满足的 n.

内容 vt.

使满意

(1)让某人感到心满意足 be content with.

* confuse Confucius 孔夫子

vt.

使困惑:使混乱

(1) confusing adj

.

令人困惑的:混乱的

(2) confused adj

.

感到困惑的

(3) confusion n.

困惑:混乱

The class is in confusion/order.[续与

情续] 当我看到这个小男孩给我递过来

个小盒子

时,我

脸困惑。

Confusion was written/all over my face when I saw the

boy handing me a small box.

I was confused when I saw 就。。。很突然

A was written all over one

s face when B

Confidence JJ was kissing HH

Surprise I won a prize in a lottery

Joy my idol dance.

Happiness the car accident.

Sadness my final exam marks.

Shock a new phone

[续写场景描写]这个突如其来的事故造成了现场

片混乱。

The unexpected accident threw the spot into confusion.

* advance v. 前进;促进:提前 n.

前进;进步

(1) in advance 提前

(2) advanced adj

. 高级的,先进的[概要]科技在以惊人的速度进步,它对人们的影响已经不可

估量。

Technology is advancing at an alarming rate, and its

influence is beyond measurement.

=

Technology is advancing at an alarming rate, whose

influence is beyond measurement.

* schedule n.

时刻表 v.

安排

似车堵了

(1)她行程很满 She has a tight/full schedule.

(2)提前: ahead of schedule 按时: on schedule 延迟: behind

schedule

(3) as scheduled 按计划

(4) be scheduled to do sth.

按计划去做某事

[应用文通知类]按计划,我们下周三上午 8: 00 于校门口集

合。As scheduled, we will set out/gather at 8:00 next

Wednesday at the school gate.

We are scheduled to set out at 8:00 next Wednesday at

the school gate.

[应用文

通知类]我们按计划将会同老人们

起包饺子并给

他们表演节目。

We are scheduled to make dumplings with the elderly and

give performance to them.

* addict n.

入迷的人 v.

使沉迷;使上瘾

(1)对

...

上瘾 be addicted to (介词)

[概要]沉迷玩游戏导致了很多人受伤或者事故的发生。

Being addicted to playing games leads to many injuries

and accidents.

* apply 申请:应用 把

..

应用到

..

(1) apply to 适用于

(3) apply for 申请

[应用文

申请信]我写信是为了申请学生会主席这

职位。

I am writing to apply for president of the student union[应用文

申请信]得知你组织了

个世界性的书籍分享活

动,我写信是为了申请这个,因为我和喜欢阅读并且有很

多书。

Learning that you are organizing this activity to share

books worldwide, I am writing to apply for it and the

reason is I love reading and I own a large number of

books.

Learning that you are organizing this activity to share

books worldwide, I am writing to apply for it because /for

I love reading and I own a large number of books.

Learning that you are organizing this activity to share

books worldwide, I am writing to apply for it for the

simple reason that I love reading and I own a large number

of books.

个的子如果不只

个动词,最简单的处理方式加 and,更

好的可以用从句/非调语,甚至可以转换成 介宾短语(最后

个老师自己不熟悉的话就别提)。

* recognize vt.

辨别出:承认(1) 承认某人是 recognize sb. as/to be

JJ recognizes HH as his boyfriend forever.

(2)某人被公认为 sb. be recognized as/to be

[应用文介绍类]他被公认为是

-一

个天才。

He was recognized as/to be a genius.

(3) [写作句型] It is widely recognized that...

[概要]人们

致认为环境污染是现在最严重的社会问题

It is widely recognized that pollution is one of the most

serious social issues in modern society

.

老高考议论文常用装腔开头,新高考不太考议论了,但是

阅读和概要都可能出现

(4) recognition n.

[练习] I haven

'

t seen Sara since she was a girl, and she

has changed beyond___

.

A. hearing B. strength C. recognition D. measure

(5) beyond 常见搭配还有:

beyond one

s ability 超出某人的能力

beyond reach 够不到beyond doubt 毫无疑问

beyond repair 难以修复

beyond description 难以描述

beyond belief 难以置信

* request v.&n.

请求,要求

(1)请求某人做某事 request sb. to do sth.

(2)在某人的请求下 at one

'

s request; at the request of

sb.

(3) request sth. = make a request for sth.

[练习] Don

t respond to any emails ___ personal

information, no matter how official they look.

A. searching

B. asking

C. requesting

D. questioning

[词性变化]

  1. Organize vt.&vi.

组织,筹备

  1. company n.

公司;陪伴

  1. personality n.

性格4. revise vt. &vi.

修改,修订,复习

  1. prefer vt. 更喜欢
  2. challenge n. &v.

挑战

  1. confuse vt. 使糊涂;使迷惑
  2. fluent adj

.

流利的,熟练的

  1. recommend vt. 推荐;建议
  2. advance adj

.

先进的,高级的

  1. addict n.

上瘾者;入迷的人

  1. apply vt.

/vi.

应用:申请

  1. recognize vt. 辨别出;承认;认可
Last modification:July 29th, 2020 at 02:19 am
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